The City of Lapu-Lapu is named after the first Filipino fighter who successfully defeated the Spanish invaders in the Battle at Barangay Mactan, which was fatal to the Spanish Leader, Magellan. Composed of nineteen barangays in the mainland and eleven barangays in Olango Island, The City of Lapu-Lapu (formerly the Municipality of Opon ) created under R.A. 3134 as The City of Lapu-Lapu on June 17, 1961 and became a Highly Urbanized-City through a plesbiscite on June 21, 2007.
The existence of two bridges has impressed the accessibility between The City of Lapu-Lapu and other areas in the Province of Cebu which has cut down on transportation expenses as well as travelling time.

The City is separated from the province of Cebu by the Mactan Channel, however, at present it is connected with the Province of Cebu by two bridges, known as the 1st Mandaue – Mactan Bridge and Marcelo H. Fernan Bridge. The City of Lapu-Lapu and Municipality of Cordova comprises the whole Mactan Island. These are connected by two bridges, bound from Suba-Basbas, the Suba-Basbas-Gabi bridge and bound from Babag, the Babag-Pilipog bridge. Her proximity to a highly developed area which is Cebu City has resulted in a mutually reinforcing relationship.
The City of Lapu-Lapu is noted for being tourist haven for her historical spots, her beautiful, pristine sandy shores and white sand beaches on one side of the island city, more particularly in the coastal barangays of Marigondon, Agus, Suba-basbas, Maribago, Mactan and Pta. Engaño also made The City of Lapu-Lapu a major weekend destination of the population of Metro Cebu and nearby towns.

The existence of plush beach resorts made it a prime tourist destination of the country, consistently attracting domestic and foreign tourists to spend their vacations. The other side of the island facing Cebu, has no sandy shores. The deep harbors, however along this coast has made it the ideal location for the oil companies, for ship-building repair, dry-docking industry, for the construction of the giant industrial complex of General Milling Corporation and for the various industries of the Mactan Economic Zone. Ferry boat service is also available between Pier 3 in Cebu City and Muelle Osmeña, Poblacion, The City of Lapu-Lapu. It is expected that more industrial establishments will move to The City of Lapu-Lapu considering the convenience she can offer to investors plus the services extended by the industries located in the Mactan Export Processing Zone (MEPZ I & II) and Cebu Lightt Industries Park (CLIP).

These economic zones serve as the base of operations of various multi-national companies engaged in the manufacture of electronics, apparel, iron and steel, electronics, camera and camera parts, binoculars, novelty items, processed food, plastic products, industrial chemicals gases, machineries, bags and luggages, fashion jewelries, wood products, paper and paper products, rubber products, watches, optical lenses, glass filters, electrical machinery, industrial gloves, auto wire harness, parts and accessories.